Dewormer for dogs and puppies: why deworm your animal?

Dewormer for dogs and puppies: why deworm your animal?

Deworming your dog is essential because many internal parasites, better known as worms, are likely to infest his body.
If the majority of these worms are intestinal, that is to say, that they come to stay in the digestive system of the dog, certain species can establish residence in other organs such as the heart and the lungs...

Why is deworming important?

Dog and puppy worms are much the same; they live by taking nutrients directly from their intestine (tapeworm), sucking blood from the intestinal mucosa (hookworms), or feeding on the animal's blood plasma in the heart or muscles. The larvae of certain species are even capable of migrating all over the body of their host.

Unfortunately, the symptoms linked to infestation by worms are not very visible, they are fairly frequent disorders that can manifest themselves in many dog ​​diseases: diarrhea, vomiting, coughing, dull skin and coat, loss of weight and appetite, anemia... This is why it is essential to deworm your dog or puppy regularly as a preventive measure, especially since most of these parasites are likely to be transmitted to humans and especially to children. they play on the ground or with the animal.

Dewormer for dogs and puppies: why deworm your animal?

When and how to deworm the puppy?

The deworming of the puppy can and must be carried out from the first months, indeed, intestinal worms are common in the puppy because they are transmitted by the placenta then by the milk of the mother if this one is (was) infested. Then, at the time of weaning, the puppy will go through a more fragile period where he risks catching worms and diseases while waiting for his antibodies to be produced since he no longer draws those from the female dog through the milk.

A parasite infestation in puppies can have serious consequences, such as the transmission of diseases carried by worms, deficiencies, coagulation disorders, or a drop in immunity, weakening the puppy for all his life. During the first veterinary consultation, the first dewormer will have to be administered, then renewed by him or by you two weeks later. As a general rule, the deworming of the puppy is given twice a month, until the puppy is 2 months old, then monthly until it is 6 months old. After this age, you can move on to adult deworming, always on the advice of your veterinarian who will recommend active preventive deworming treatment against several types of parasites.

When and how to deworm the adult dog?

The frequency of administration of the dewormer for adult dogs is every 3 to 6 months, the recommended minimum being twice a year. This will depend on the animal's lifestyle and environment: is it in contact with other dogs or pets? Does it have access to a garden? If you live in the city, do you often take it out to public green spaces? – the latter is unfortunately heavily contaminated. Does he ever dig or hunt, eat animal excrement, or just about anything he finds on the ground while walking, etc.?

If the answer to these questions is yes, it will be necessary to consider a high frequency of deworming, that is to say, four times a year or even more (to be determined by your veterinarian). On the other hand, if your dog is little exposed to contamination, if he rarely leaves the apartment and does not live with other animals, a frequency of twice will be sufficient.

As for the favorable moment, it is normally advisable to deworm during the intermediate seasons (spring, autumn) because it is during these periods that the parasites will reproduce the most and especially at the end of summer. Please note that some products must be administered on an empty stomach to be effective, read the instructions before use!

What type of dewormer to choose?

Again, the veterinarian will be best able to determine the right type of dewormer for your dog, in terms of dosage and method of administration. The dosage will be calculated based on the weight, age, and sex of the animal. The most common type of dewormer and the most convenient to administer is the dewormer in tablets: to be given directly to the dog, to be hidden in the mash, or to be dissolved in its water bowl. There is also powder dewormer, often more profitable because it is bought “in bulk” and then mixed in the food.

Pipette vermifuge (like anti-flea products) is currently in strong development and advantageous for animals who refuse to swallow the medicine. Of course, it will also be up to you to choose which type of administration is best for you, as well as for your dog or puppy, but as for the composition of the dewormer, beware of products sold without a prescription at the pharmacy or on the Internet. Their spectrum of action is sometimes not sufficient and they, therefore, do not treat all parasites. In addition, it can sometimes be exclusively preventive products, which will have no impact if your animal is already infested. This type of product also exists in a natural (non-chemical) version, which is attractive, but once again if their action is limited to prevention,

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