The ideal diet for your cat?

 What is the ideal diet for your cat?

The ideal diet for your cat?

Obesity in cats is an increasingly common problem, especially in indoor cats with a sedentary lifestyle. For this reason, it is important to control both the quantity and the quality of the food that you give to your cat, without starving it!

Thus, the daily ratio of the domestic cat must be sufficiently energetic to cover its nutritional needs and to avoid compulsive eating behaviors that can lead it to constantly demand or even steal human food, which is not recommended for its health...

What type of food to feed your cat?

Pâté or kibble: this is the choice offered to any cat owner, whether it is a question of industrial food sold in supermarkets or superior quality veterinary products. The solution is simple: the diet must be balanced, that is to say, sufficiently varied in nutrients and dosed correctly for optimal nutrition. Basically carnivorous, our little domestic tiger must therefore draw from its diet proteins, fatty acids, thiamin (vitamin B1), and taurine, essential to "boost" the supply of amino acids.

The food must also be a source of other vitamins such as vitamin A and vitamin D, which the cat's body is unable to produce on its own. Thus, even before making the choice between wet food and kibble, it is important to understand all of its energy needs and to systematically check the composition of the products available on the market. Then, the ratio will have to be adapted to the lifestyle of your animal.

Caloric needs of cats

If the cat has access to very rich meals, his body will easily transform the meals into calories, which can then be used optimally thanks to the good assimilation of nutrients. For an adult cat of 6 kilos, it will take 360 ​​kilocalories (kcal) per day, while ensuring the exact composition of the ratio and adapting the dose according to the following criteria: daily physical activity, age, sterilization, pregnancy, and breastfeeding s is a cat.

As far as age is concerned, the diet must respect three phases of the cat's life: growth (until its 1 year), adulthood (from 1 to 7 years approximately), and "old age" (after 7 years). ). If the cat is neutered, care must be taken not to exceed 40 Kcal per day and per kilo, i.e. 240 Calories for a 6 kg cat. This measure is all the more true for indoor cats and cats who do not exert themselves.

What food for a kitten?

After weaning, around 12 months, the kitten can start eating industrial food. It is then possible to opt for a "growth" diet with ad libitum food: until its 6 months, the young cat can in principle eat as much as it wants, and when it does, it is that he needs it. Our advice is to buy food for kittens, which will be given in several small meals spread over the day, without a priori limit. For practical and economical reasons, croquettes are often the best solution because they do not require any preparation and are less expensive than cans. In addition, chewing is good for the dental hygiene of the kitten.

What food for a senior cat?

After the age of 7 or 8, the cat can be considered "senior" and its energy needs will drop even if it continues to go out and exercise. It is, therefore, necessary that the energy value of the meals also decreases, and this in a progressive way so as not to frustrate it. On average, 48 to 50 Kcal per day and per kilo are recommended. Adapting the dose and the nutritional nature of its diet will avoid the risk of obesity in the elderly cat: we will thus switch to a range of "light" food and it will be necessary to recalculate the daily ratio according to the indications on the packaging. It may also be a good idea to consult the veterinarian to set up your cat's new diet with him, depending on his weight, breed, activity, and any health history.

What is the right feeding rhythm?

For an adult cat up to 7 years old, giving the ration in two to three meals a day is indicated. Another "school" is to leave food ad libitum all day, a situation in which most cats self-regulate without problems. Many owners thus get into the habit of providing kibble as a "nibble", which is not at all harmful for the cat, it is even there its natural digestive rhythm: the cat's stomach needs 10 to 15 split meals a day! In addition to kibble, you can give mash at regular times morning, noon, and evening for example. Finally, whichever system you choose, take care to feed your cat far enough from its litter box, in a quiet corner, and to give it permanent access to a bowl of

Standard or premium food?
In trade, two types of animal feed are available to you: so-called standard foods, which can be found in supermarkets, and superior quality products, known as "premium" or even "health" or veterinary foods. These are also available on the Internet and in specialized circuits such as pet shops or gardening stores. The advantage of premium foods – in addition to being of better quality! – is that the ranges are segmented according to criteria such as breed, age, and lifestyle of the animal.

Large surface products, meanwhile, also offer different ranges depending on the age and whether the cat is sterilized, but remain not very specific and often contain more fat as well as a larger cereal base. They are therefore proportionally less rich in essential nutrients such as proteins. Thus, the quantity to be consumed for the same energy value is greater than with a specialized "premium" product: if they are more expensive to buy, they prove to be economical in the long term and much better for the health. of your cat, who will be less likely to complain.

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