The Labrador Retriever, the star of companion dogs

 The Labrador Retriever, the star of companion dogs

The Labrador Retriever, the star of companion dogs


The Labrador is a dog remarkable for its vitality, its kindness, its joie de vivre, and its loyalty. Nobody can be insensitive to this dog with a robust look and a gentle gaze. The Labrador thinks only of having fun even if it is a perfect companion of assistance for people with reduced mobility or visual impairments. It is also an excellent pet for children and the Labrador adapts very well to life in the city from the moment its masters allow it to spend its energy during long daily walks.
  • Height:                 51 to 57 cm
  • Weight:                28 to 35 kg
  • Hair:                    short and thick
  • Color:                  black, brown, or sand
  • Life expectancy: 12 to 15 years
  • Gestation period: 63 days

Description and characteristics of the Labrador

The Labrador is a robust dog of medium size, with a well-built and round appearance. His skull is large with brown or dark hazel eyes that give him a good-natured and intelligent look. Its ears are hanging and attached behind its head. The weather-resistant coat of the Labrador is short and dense in color black, brown, or sable. Its tail is one of its peculiarities: covered with thick hair, it is very thick at the base and then becomes thinner.

Labrador origin

The Labrador is a dog that was introduced to England in the early 19th century and whose ancestors, the "Hounds of St. John's", come from the island of Newfoundland in Canada. Very skilled at retrieving waterfowl, the Labrador was first used by the English for hunting. He arrived in France at the end of the 19th century where he is today one of the most appreciated dogs. It is also the most popular breed in the world.

Character and behavior of the Labrador – Who is it for?

The Labrador is recognized as one of the most intelligent dogs with exceptional character. This is why the Labrador is used as an assistance dog with people with disabilities and the blind in particular. His very good sense of smell and his intelligence also makes him a dog appreciated by the police and emergency services. The Labrador is gentle, affectionate, sociable, and very attached to his masters. It is the ideal companion for children, but also for adults. The elderly appreciate his great kindness and his patience. It is a dog that adapts perfectly to life in the city provided you can give it exercise, which it needs every day. The Labrador is also a very good guard dog and he gladly accepts the company of other animals.

When he is small, the Labrador can be turbulent and fiery, hence the need to educate him very early on so that he learns to obey. Without real danger for children, you must nevertheless watch the Labrador, who only thinks of playing, and who can injure toddlers because of his strength and energy.

How to take care of your Labrador: its needs

The Labrador needs the human presence and in particular of its masters for whom it devotes a real admiration. It is a dog that requires a lot of affection and hates loneliness. His need for exercise is vital: his masters must be good walkers to accompany him in his frantic races. From its origins as a waterfowl retriever dog, the Labrador loves water and appreciates when it can bathe regularly.

The thick coat of the Labrador leads to regular shedding and two major seasonal molts during which daily brushing is recommended.

The Labrador Retriever, the star of companion dogs


Labrador diet

One of the only faults of the Labrador is its gluttony. And since he tends to gain weight easily, his diet must be carefully restricted when he is an adult. Kibbles adapted to his breed, weight, and age are well suited to guarantee him a balanced diet: 500 g per day are sufficient to feed him. The Labrador also appreciates "homemade" food such as, for example, a mixture of meat, rice, and vegetables. Until the age of 6 months, 3 meals a day are necessary, then 2 meals thereafter.

Labrador Health

Subject to stomach upsets, it is very important to let the Labrador rest after his meals before exercising him. He may also experience eye problems (cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy) and joint problems (hip or elbow dysplasia or osteochondritis). This is why it is advisable to spare his joints until he is 12 months old.

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