The Turkey and female turkey, large backyard poultry

 The Turkey and female turkey, large backyard poultry

The turkey ( Meleagris gallopavo ), and its female turkey, are the emblematic domestic animals of our backyards. The turkey, with its lean flesh and high protein content, is poultry particularly appreciated for its meat and is the traditional dish of our Christmas meals. Imposing by its size, the turkey is very recognizable in particular by its piercing and unpleasant cries.

  • Height:                    76 to 125 cm
  • Weight:                   10-13 kg (turkey) / 6-8 kg (female turkey)
  • Life expectancy:     11 to 13 years
  • Gestation period:    28 to 30 days

Origin and characteristics of the turkey

The turkey is a species of galliform bird of the Phasianidae family. It originated in America and was introduced to Spain around 1500, later spreading throughout Europe. In France, the first turkeys were served as a dish in 1570 at the wedding of King Charles IX.

It is a large bird whose physical particularity is to have a fleshy soft and red growth on the forehead. The head and neck of the turkey are featherless. Its tail feathers are long and fan-shaped. The turkey is less imposing than the male and its fleshy formations on the head and neck are smaller.

How to raise turkeys?

Although resistant, turkeys and turkeys fear humidity and cold. Their habitat must absolutely be in a dry place and have a space where they can protect themselves and be warm. The male being particularly wicked and combative, it is necessary to avoid cohabiting turkeys and turkeys with other species.

What habitat for his turkey and turkey?

The turkeys and turkeys on our farms need space to live. It is necessary to reserve large enclosures for them, where they can find their own food, decorated with trees which they use as a perch and dormitory. In wet and/or cold weather, they must be able to shelter in a place that protects them from bad weather.

What to feed turkeys?

Turkeys and turkeys eat seeds, vegetable scraps, thick leaves such as those of rhubarb, Jerusalem artichokes, nettles, which they find in their enclosures or on their course. They also appreciate berries and small fruits (blueberries, currants, strawberries, or even plums). The little ones, which are more fragile, need to be fed with a special, well-dosed diet available in pet stores.

The Turkey and female turkey, large backyard poultry

The main health problems of turkeys and turkeys

The young turkeys and turkeys, poults, are particularly fragile and require careful care. Around 2 months, they can suffer what is called "the crisis of red" (growth crisis) and die suddenly. This critical period can be avoided with an appropriate diet. Adult turkeys are very sensitive to parasites, which are transmitted in particular by eggs and which cause intestinal disorders, apathy, and eye problems. To avoid these parasites, strict hatchery hygiene is required. In addition, humidity and cold have consequences on the health of turkeys and turkeys which weaken their joints.

The reproduction of the turkey

The turkey mates with 7 to 8 turkeys. At mating time, it parades around, clucking and proudly spreading its tail feathers. Turkeys lay eggs in the spring when they are 10 to 12 months old. Particularly good brooders, they give 15 to 20 eggs a year and, depending on the circumstances, make a second laying in July or August. Hatching of the eggs takes place after 28-30 days. Very fragile at birth, the young are considered to become robust adults around the age of 6 or 7 months.

achraf ben ammar

About the blogger: An expert in breeding and training dogs. He obtained his certificate in this specialty in 2012 from the Military School. He developed his field from the specialty of dogs to an expert in raising pets in general.

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