The instinct of the Chicken - Animals instincts

The instinct of the Chicken - Animals instincts

The  instinct of the  Chicken - Animals instincts

The hen can distinguish a rotten egg between the eggs on which it is lying, and discards it and throws it away, and it can distinguish an unfertilized egg from a fertilized egg. And she is constantly inspired by turning the eggs that lie for every known number of hours.. And if it wasn't for this stirring, the embryos would have died because of their attachment to the shell. And the newborn chick knows where the weakest place is in the egg to peck it with its beak and come out.

How the chicken reproduces?

The chicken reproduces by sexual mating between it and the rooster to produce eggs, and the young hen is called a chick while the scientific name of the chicken is (Gallus gallus). the fertilization of eggs représentas the first stage of the life cycle of the chicken, at this stage the rooster tries Mating with the hen, where the hen chooses the appropriate rooster, and takes as a consideration when choosing the following:
  • The appearance of the rooster, which gives her a good impression of his health.
  • The ability of the rooster to find food .
  • The possibility of turning into a leader of the herd .
The mating process is short as it takes less than a minute Once both the hen and the rooster mate, fertilization takes place in the funnel, which is the part of the reproductive system that follows the ovary, and the egg remains in this area for about 15 minutes only.

Laying eggs

The ovary of a laying hen contains thousands of small eggs or the yolk of the future egg, and when the yolk is ready, it moves from the ovary to the oviduct, then moves through an area of the oviduct called the magnum, into which the egg white protein is added, and then moves quickly through Part called the isthmus, where the cortex membrane fibers are produced. The egg enters the gland of the shell, and the shell is formed within a period of about 20 hours, and this process is called calcification, then layers of calcium carbonate are added to form the shell, and during the last two hours of shell formation, the shell pigment (white or brown) is produced, and it appears on the outer layers for the crust.
Most chickens lay their first egg at about 18 weeks of age, and then lay an egg almost daily after that. In their first year, they can lay up to 250 eggs, after which the number of eggs will naturally decrease every year. Unable to lay eggs. Egg care is the first thing you need in the process of hatching chicks, fertilized eggs.

Fertilized eggs

can be collected from hens mated with roosters, and as we mentioned previously, unfertilized table eggs; Therefore, it will not grow into a chick if it is placed in an incubator. Fertilized eggs can be obtained from the hatchery, or from poultry farmers with roosters in their flocks. Before incubation, the fertilized egg can be stored for a maximum of 7 days, and kept at a constant temperature of 12-15° Once fertilized eggs are placed in a warm incubator, they may develop over a period of time 21 days to produce chicks, with proper preparation and care of the incubator. The egg incubator is a closed structure, with a fan and a heater; To keep the eggs warm during the incubation period of 21 days, the temperature and humidity inside the incubator are critical factors for successful hatching of eggs, and the temperature range is: 37-38. 5 times a day, making sure to wash hands or wear clean gloves before touching eggs; To prevent the transfer of skin oils or germs to the growing chick inside the egg.

The chicks come out

The chicks come out - The  instinct of the  Chicken - Animals instincts

The egg hatches and the chicks come out wet, and they are tired and their legs are shaking. 
Some chicks come out very quickly within an hour or less, while some chicks sometimes take more than 24 hours, and they should be left in the incubator until they are completely dry. 

Care of chicks

Once the chick is out and dry it can be safely moved to the nursery area, and once inside Chicks to the nursery, they must be provided with water and nutrition Put it under a light board or incubator, and the food should contain enough protein, vitamins and minerals, to grow for the next several weeks. The first weeks of the chick's life witness an amazigh rate of growth and development, knowing that some breeds grow faster than others. From them by the fourth week, and at about 7-12 weeks, males and females will be distinguished, and then puberty begins.

achraf ben ammar

About the blogger: An expert in breeding and training dogs. He obtained his certificate in this specialty in 2012 from the Military School. He developed his field from the specialty of dogs to an expert in raising pets in general.

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