Before traveling with your dog, learn about the necessary vaccinations

 Before traveling with your dog, learn about the necessary vaccinations

Before traveling with your dog, learn about the necessary vaccinations


What are the mandatory vaccines for traveling with your dog abroad?

While all countries require a dog to be vaccinated against rabies, some territories require doggie owners to carry out certain preliminary vaccinations. In all cases, it is recommended to check sufficiently in advance the regulations in force in the countries of destination and the countries crossed as part of a stopover in order to take the necessary measures and avoid any refusal of the animal. on the territory or other risk of complication.


The rabies vaccine, the injection systematically compulsory for traveling abroad

Whatever the country visited and the mode of transport used, your dog must be up to date with his vaccination against rabies to travel abroad.
The rabies vaccine can only be performed on a dog older than 12 weeks, i.e. 3 months. The European passport is delivered during the first injection and it allows to indicate the date of the realization of the vaccination, the date of validity of the vaccination (which is 21 days after injection within the framework of a primary vaccination and immediate in recall), as well as the expiry date of the vaccination, which may vary according to the protocol in force in the different countries. On average, the validity period is one to three years depending on the brand of the product.

Some countries also require a serum anti-rabies titration dating from less than three months before entering their territory and at least 30 days after the last injection. This is an analysis that measures the level of rabies antibodies present in the dog's body through a blood test in order to assess the effectiveness of the last injection. In this case, take your precautions in order to carry it out with the veterinarian at the right time. Note that the level must be greater than 0.5 IU/ml to be considered effective. Below this, a new injection will be necessary.

It should also be noted that the animal must be identified by means of an electronic chip to travel abroad. The tattoo alone remains valid only if the animal was tattooed before July 2011 and provided that it is still clearly legible.

Other vaccines that may be required for traveling abroad

Several foreign countries require that other vaccinations or treatments be administered to the dog before it enters their territory.

The vaccine against echinococcosis:

this contagious parasitic disease transmissible to humans is caused by echinococcus, which are flatworms very present in Central and Eastern Europe. This vaccination is required to travel to Finland, Ireland, Malta and the United Kingdom.

The vaccine against leptospirosis:

this disease which causes damage to the liver and kidneys is very serious, since it leads in more than 90% of cases to the death of the animal. Due to a bacterium, it is particularly contagious, which is why many countries require up-to-date vaccination.

The distemper vaccine:

deadly and highly contagious, distemper can affect all dogs and there is currently no treatment. As a result, many countries require up-to-date vaccinations.

An antiparasitic treatment:

several countries require that the dog has benefited from an internal and external antiparasitic treatment in the form of deworming within 120 hours to 24 hours before arrival on the territory. This administration must be carried out by a veterinarian and recorded in the doggie's European passport.

What are the recommended vaccines for traveling with your dog abroad?

Some vaccines are not compulsory, but they are recommended by veterinarians for traveling abroad or for staying in France. Indeed, they help protect the animal against certain serious and potentially fatal diseases.

Rubarth's hepatitis
Contagious, it is dangerous for the dog and often fatal insofar as it severely affects the liver.

Lyme disease
This tick-borne disease can cause joint pain, fever, severe fatigue and joint swelling. This pathology can be fatal if left untreated.

Parvovirus
This highly contagious and resistant disease causes hemorrhagic diarrhea that can lead to the death of a weak puppy or dog.

Piroplasmosis
This pathology is transmitted by blood parasites, such as ticks. It causes loss of appetite and weight, great fatigue, vomiting and dark urine.

kennel cough
This disease causes a strong cough in dogs and it spreads very quickly in farms and pensions.

Traveling abroad with your dog: whatare the precautions?

To travel with your dog in complete serenity abroad, you will have to take care to respect certain points:

the animal must be at least 15 weeks old, because the rabies vaccine cannot be administered before the age of 12 weeks and the primary vaccination requires a period of 21 days (3 weeks) to be effective;
the dog must be identified by means of an electronic chip;
you must provide a valid and up-to-date European passport;
the latest rabies vaccination must be up to date and precisely mentioned in the European passport;
if an anti-rabies titration is required, the antibody level must be greater than 0.5 IU/ml and measured by a blood test within the required time;
an international certificate of good health must be issued after veterinary examination in the days preceding departure;
an antiparasitic treatment is very often required and it must be carried out by a veterinarian within 24 to 120 hours prior to departure and mentioned in the European passport.
Other requirements may be requested for air travel with your dog, or depending on the country of destination and any countries in which you will make stopovers. Take your precautions and find out several months in advance from the embassies of these countries in France. A final check in the weeks preceding the trip is also recommended to prevent any risk of modification of the regulations.

What are the risks in the event of non-compliance with the requirements?

If your dog is not in good standing when you arrive in a country, the health authorities may take measures which will all be at your expense. It could be :

quarantine of the dog for the time necessary to complete the missing steps;
a deportation to France;
euthanasia, if neither of the two previous solutions is possible or if the dog presents a state of health considered suspicious.

Video - Everything You Need to Know About Dog Vaccines


achraf ben ammar

About the blogger: An expert in breeding and training dogs. He obtained his certificate in this specialty in 2012 from the Military School. He developed his field from the specialty of dogs to an expert in raising pets in general.

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